The impact of abuse

In 1999, the McCreary Adolescent Health Survey II* found that:

35% of girls and 16% of boys between grades 7 – 12 had been sexually and/or physically abused
Among girls surveyed, 17-year-olds experienced the highest rate of sexual abuse at 20%
In their 2001 report on Family Violence in Canada**, The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics found that children who are exposed to physical violence in their homes are:

more than twice as likely to be physically aggressive as those who have not had such exposure;
more likely to commit delinquent acts against property
more likely to display emotional disorders and hyperactivity
University of Victoria’s Sexual Assault Centre*** posts the following childhood sexual abuse statistics:

1 in 3 females and 1 in 6 males in Canada experience some form of sexual abuse before the age of 18.
80% of all child abusers are the father, foster father, stepfather or another relative or close family friend of the victim.

Incestuous relationships last 7 years on average

75% of mothers are not aware of the incest in their family

60-80% of offenders in a study of imprisoned rapists had been molested as children

80% of prostitutes and juvenile delinquents, in another study, were sexually abused as children.

Most common types of abuse

In their 2001 report on Family Violence in Canada**, The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics found that:

69% of substantiated physical abuse involved inappropriate punishment
68% of substantiated sexual abuse involved touching and fondling
58% of substantiated emotional maltreatment involved exposure to family violence
48% of substantiated cases of neglect primarily involved failure to supervise the child properly, which lead to physical harm

Abusers are commonly known to the survivor
In their 2001 report on Family Violence in Canada**, The Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics found that family members, including relatives, constituted the vast majority (93%) of alleged perpetrators. Another statistical study conducted in 2001 by the Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics**** found that:

among family assaults parents were the perpetrators in 56% of physical assaults against youths and 43% of sexual assaults against youth victims 12 to 17 years of age;
siblings were responsible for approximately 25% of physical and 26% of sexual assaults in the family that were perpetrated against youth
extended family members committed 8% of physical, and 28% of sexual assaults against youth

A BC snapshot
In a snapshot taken on April 17, 2000*****, in British Columbia, there were 689 residents in shelters: 54% were women and 46% were children.

82% were women escaping abusive situations
of the women escaping abuse, 32% indicated they were also protecting their children from psychological abuse, 28% from witnessing abuse of their mother, 13% from threats, 9% from physical abuse, 5% from neglect, and 5% from sexual abuse